Cutaneous hyperpigmentation is a modification of the normal pigmentation of the skin that leads to the manifestation of darker colored areas of the skin.
Hyperpigmentation appears when there is a production of melanin – the pigment that determines the color of the skin and hair – in excess in some specific areas of the skin.
The main reasons that determine its appearance are genetic factors, sun exposure, wounds or inflammations, age, and hormonal influences.



At the level of imperfections, hyperpigmentation causes freckles, freckles, solar lentigo, senile lentigo, melasma.

Freckles and freckles

Freckles, small skin patches of dark color and circular shape, are mainly determined by genetic factors. They are very common among people with very light skin and blond or reddish hair. They can be particularly present on the face and neck, increase following prolonged exposure to sunlight, change after aging.
The freckles, very similar to freckles and like these widespread among individuals with light or red hair, appear to be very sensitive to sunlight and therefore may be more visible in the summer season and in particularly exposed areas of the body. Adequate protection with sunscreen can contribute to their reduction.

Solar lentigo and senile lentigo

The solar lentigo, irregularly shaped skin spots and variable size, are also due to excessive exposure to solar radiation without protection. They are present especially among people aged 45 to 50 and can be prevented with adequate protection and avoiding sunburn.
The senile lentigo manifests themselves for the sum of the repeated damages that the exposure to the sun can provoke in the course of the life and generally they are introduced beginning from the 50 years, with more frequency in the men.

Melasma or chloasma

Melasma or chloasma occurs through blocks of irregularly shaped pigments located particularly on the face and arms, with a color that can vary from light brown to dark brown. Its appearance is a consequence of hormonal influences such as the use of the contraceptive pill and pregnancy. It is also known as a “mask of pregnancy” as it occurs in 90% of pregnant women.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

This type of hyperpigmentation is the consequence of a traumatic event such as a wound, a scar, a burn, inflammation or acne, eczema, and psoriasis. It shows lighter or darker spots around the area affected by the traumatic event.

Cutaneous hyperpigmentation and treatment of Farmavit Mandelic Acid line

The Farmavit Acid Mandelic Acid products act on melasma, hyperpigmentation, and freckles. They make the skin brighter, more compact and clear, while at the same time visibly reducing wrinkles and lines in the epidermis.
The Mandelic Acid treatment is indicated both for home use and as a salon service and is divided into 4 steps:

  • Step 1, Mandelic Acid 
    Cleansing Milk The cleansing milk, the first step in the treatment based on mandelic acid, is used to thoroughly clean the skin before moving on to the next stages of care. It acts on skin hyperpigmentation, at the same time helping to make the skin brighter and reduce wrinkles.
  • Step 2, Mandelic Acid Tonic 
    The tonic, the second step of the treatment, helps maintain an adequate degree of moisture in the skin, restoring the right balance to the acidity of the epidermis.
  • Step 3, Professional Mandelic Acid Solution 25% 
    The professional solution, the third step of the treatment in the institute, must be spread on the skin 2 minutes after the application of the tonic for about 8 minutes. Afterwards, it is necessary to rinse thoroughly with water and dry.
  • Step 4, Mandelic Acid Serum 
    The serum, the third step of home treatment, must be applied to the skin 2 minutes after the application of the tonic for about 8 minutes. Afterwards, it is necessary to rinse thoroughly with water and dry.
  • Step 5, Mandelic Acid Cream 
    The cream, the fourth step of the treatment, should be applied to the skin as a final phase of treatment.

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